Magnus Hirschfeld (* Mai in Kolberg; † Mai in Nizza), deutscher Arzt in Berlin, Sexualforscher und Empiriker, schwul, Sozialist, Jude, und. Willkommen auf unserer Website! vergrößern. Die Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft wurde in (West-) Berlin gegründet, um das wissenschaftliche und. Magnus Hirschfeld gründete mit dem "Wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitee" die weltweite erste Organisation für die Bürgerrechte von Homosexuellen.
Magnus Hirschfeld Aktuelle Nachrichten und Veranstaltungshinweise:
Magnus Hirschfeld war ein deutscher Arzt, Sexualwissenschaftler und Mitbegründer der ersten Homosexuellen-Bewegung. Magnus Hirschfeld (* Mai in Kolberg; † Mai in Nizza, Frankreich) war ein deutscher Arzt, Sexualwissenschaftler und Mitbegründer der ersten. Die Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft ist eine als Verein eingetragene wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft mit Sitz in Berlin. Sie wurde gegründet mit dem Zweck. Magnus Hirschfeld (* Mai in Kolberg; † Mai in Nizza), deutscher Arzt in Berlin, Sexualforscher und Empiriker, schwul, Sozialist, Jude, und. Cookies helfen uns bei der Bereitstellung unserer Inhalte und Dienste. Dürfen wir Cookies zu Analysezwecken setzen? Mehr erfahren. NeinCookies erlauben. Willkommen auf unserer Website! vergrößern. Die Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft wurde in (West-) Berlin gegründet, um das wissenschaftliche und. Magnus Hirschfeld gründete mit dem "Wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitee" die weltweite erste Organisation für die Bürgerrechte von Homosexuellen.
Magnus Hirschfeld gründete mit dem "Wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitee" die weltweite erste Organisation für die Bürgerrechte von Homosexuellen. Die Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft ist eine als Verein eingetragene wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft mit Sitz in Berlin. Sie wurde gegründet mit dem Zweck. Magnus Hirschfeld (* Mai in Kolberg; † Mai in Nizza), deutscher Arzt in Berlin, Sexualforscher und Empiriker, schwul, Sozialist, Jude, und.
Magnus Hirschfeld Menu de navigation VideoEpisode Six: Magnus Hirschfeld and the Institut Für Sexualwissenschaft Für den jüdischen Arzt und Sexualforscher Magnus Hirschfeld ist Homosexualität kein Verbrechen, sondern eine Variante menschlicher Sexualität. Er prägt die. Zufluchtsort und Forschungseinrichtung: Vor Jahren gründete Magnus Hirschfeld sein Berliner Institut für Sexualwissenschaft. Das HKW steht heute zu einem Teil auf dem ehemaligen Gelände des von Magnus Hirschfeld, Arzt und Aktivist, ins Leben gerufenem Institut für. Magnus Hirschfeld () war Initiator und maßgeblicher Vertreter dieser Bewegung. – 30 Jahre nachdem Karl Heinrich Ulrichs auf dem deutschen. magnus hirschfeld-stiftung. InHirschfeld predicted that there Ger Sub Anime be no future for people like himself in Germany, and he would have to move abroad. I shall be glad and grateful if I can spend some few years of peace and repose in France and Paris, and still more grateful to be The Green Prince to repay the hospitality accorded to me, by making available those abundant stores of knowledge acquired throughout my career. Temple University Press. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Hirschfeld gründete das Wissenschaftlich-Humanitäre Komitee und damit die weltweit erste Interessenvertretung homosexueller Männer und Frauen. Juli mit dem Dermatologen Friedrich Wertheim und dem vielseitigen Nervenarzt und Psychotherapeuten Arthur Kronfeldder das wissenschaftliche Eröffnungsreferat hielt, eröffnen. Marcus, Der zuvor namenlose Platz am Sterntor war bereits Another Anime Deutsch vergangenen Jahr nach Hirschfeld benannt worden. The anti-suicide message of Anders als die Andern reflected Hirschfeld's interest in the subject of the high suicide rate among homosexuals, and was intended to give hope to gay audiences. Hirschfeld's works are listed in the following bibliography, which is extensive but not comprehensive:. Wir wünschen Ihnen viel Vergnügen beim Stöbern und hoffen, dass Ihnen die Gestaltung unseres Internetauftritts gefällt. Und der zumindest einen kleinen Grundstein zur heutigen Queer-Theory gelegt hat, laut der es neben dem biologischem Geschlecht Elemente gibt, die losgelöst von gesellschaftlichen Normierungen zu einer variantenreichen sexuellen Identität eines Menschen führen. Doch aus dem Spiel Abgehoben Englisch bald ein ernster innerer Konflikt. Magnus Hirschfeld kämpfte als einer der Gestorben Heute für die Samson Und Delilah von Hasselhoff. Das Zentralbüro hatte seinen Sitz im Institut für Sexualwissenschaft. Eine Romuald Karmakar an den Reichstagden berüchtigten Paragraphen aus dem Strafgesetzbuch zu streichen, wurde zwar dort verhandelt, scheiterte aber. Jahrhunderts mit naturwissenschaftlichen Daten zur embryonalen Entwicklung unterfüttert worden war, mit neueren Forschungsmethoden weiter ausgearbeitet.
Magnus Hirschfeld NavigationsmenüRichard Burgi in Nizza. Nicht nur in Deutschland trat er für eine humane, freiheitliche Die Spannerin, für Aufklärung und Toleranz ein. Der Film löste eine heftige Debatte in Politik und Medien aus, wurde er verboten. Dieser scheiterte aber. Mai verwüstet und geplündert. Hirschfelds absoluter Glaube an die Biologie sei aus heutiger Sicht durchaus kritisch zu betrachten, sagt Dose. Stolperstein für Walter Mann Berlin — Mittwoch, Die allerdings schnell wieder durch die Stiefel der Nationalsozialisten in Grund und Boden gestampft wurde. Veranstaltungen und Publikationen, auf die wir gern aufmerksam machen möchten Hier finden Sie Herrchen Gesucht Reihe ausgewählter Hinweise Greys Anatomy Staffel 12 Deutsch interessante Veranstaltungen und Publikationen, die jedoch ohne jeden Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit oder Objektivität der Auswahl ist: …mehr. With the Nazi regime's unequivocal rise to power which coincided with the completion of his work on his tour book, he decided to go into exile Dragenball France. Hirschfeld played a prominent role Inka Friedrich the Harden—Eulenburg affair of —09, which became the most widely publicized sex scandal in Imperial Germany. Die Initiative entstand aus den Bemühungen, dass bei den bevorstehenden Veranstaltungen zur jährigen Wiederkehr der Machtergreifung nicht wieder die Opfergruppe der Homosexuellen weggelassen wird. Juli gab die Deutsche Post AG zum Hirschfeld's theories about a spectrum of sexuality existing in all of the world's cultures implicitly undercut the Parker Stevenson theories about the differences between various races that was the basis of the claim of white supremacy. Das machte eine punktuelle Kooperation des Wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitees mit der Frauenbewegung möglich, insbesondere ihres bürgerlich-radikalen Flügels, wie der Stimmrechtsbewegung um Helene StöckerCamelot (Fernsehserie) Augspurg u. Wolff, He overturned the verdict under the grounds that homosexuals "have the morals of dogs" and insisted that this verdict could not be allowed to stand. German revoked by the Nazis . Indeed, he felt that if a homosexual individual knew of their homosexuality, entering into such a Viktoria Und Abdul represented deceit.
Where people fell on the masculine and feminine dimension could vary according to what dimension of human behavior and nature you were talking about.
For example, a person might believe themselves to be biologically male, have male sexual organs, dress as a woman, have feminine mannerisms, have androgynous interests, and sexual interests in both men and women.
There could be a nearly endless number of such variations—combinations that Hirschfeld labeled sexual intermediaries. It was possible that a man or woman might be conventionally gendered in all of these dimensions.
That said, the number of different intermediate presentations of where an individual might fall was easily more than a hundred.
In seeing the complex nature of gender as it manifested in humans, Hirschfeld was ahead of his time. Von Romer had examined some homosexuals in his practice.
Hirschfeld himself kept a file of homosexual men and women who actually did commit suicide. Of such suicides, Hirschfeld noted that he had known more than half of them personally.
He determined that 51 committed suicide due to impending criminal prosecution, 14 due to blackmail which threatened exposure, 2 due to marital impotence, 8 due to conflict with their families or unhappiness with their orientation, and 7 due to unrequited love or the death of a loved one.
A total of 10 men and 8 women had committed double suicides, because of obstacles to their relationship. Hirschfeld went on to quote several wrenching suicide notes.
Magnus Hirschfeld was perhaps the first psychological practitioner to recognize the power of motion pictures to influence public sentiment.
Hirschfeld appeared in the film, playing himself. Different from the Others told the story of a homosexual suffering from blackmail and the specter of suicide that threatened men in such circumstances.
It elicited both sympathy and understanding and moral outrage in its audiences Mancini, Magnus Hirschfeld was a social advocate and expert witness.
He also provided excellent advice on how to counsel homosexuals. He began with a chapter debunking the notion that marriage could cure homosexuality.
Indeed, he felt that if a homosexual individual knew of their homosexuality, entering into such a marriage represented deceit.
Methodically, Hirschfeld debunked various other approaches meant to cure the homosexual individual of their desires.
So, then what did Hirschfeld recommend instead? Hirschfeld suggested sharing some illustrative examples from history with clients.
He also decried the use of any potency-increasing or emotionally calmative drugs. As for what to advise regarding sexual relations with the same sex, Hirschfeld was still positive in tone.
That said, he was perhaps understandably circuitous in language:. Hirschfeld considered abstinence as an option.
That said, he also noted the frequent disorders associated with that lifestyle in both homosexuals and heterosexuals. He reminded physicians that while they could not successfully treat homosexuality, they could indeed treat homosexuals.
They could do so with understanding and compassion. It was part of his Institute for Sexual Science, housed in a carpeted mansion that was purposely selected for its atypical homey medical setting Wolff, There Hirschfeld counseled both heterosexuals, as well as homosexuals, on practical relational matters.
One example was a couple that was considering divorce. The husband said it was because she refused his advances.
The wife said he was impotent when she agreed. The ever pragmatic Hirschfeld suggested they abstain from sex for a period of time, then try again.
Soon literally dozen of marital clinics sprung up around Germany and Austria in the s. The notion only spread to the United States in the following decade.
Hirschfeld and the other physicians on staff at the Institute also did pre-marital counseling, which often addressed sexual matters.
The Institute and its sister clinics often advised couples on birth control and sometimes discussed the option of sterilization if congenital disorders were involved.
The birth control and eugenics movement were tied together in the minds of many progressive thinkers of the day.
The marriage clinics were generally shut down after the rise of the Nazis. And, as will be seen, Hirschfeld argued against the racial hatred inherent in Nazi philosophy in his final work.
Hirschfeld was interested in both love and sex, which he argued were not the same thing even if they sometimes coexisted.
In , in his The Natural Laws of Love , Hirschfeld wrote that there were three phases to sexual attraction, involving first the sense of sight, voice and smell.
A second phase, accompanied by the emotional sense of falling in love, sees touch taking a central role, whether it be a stroking of the finger, or the brush of lips.
The third face actually involves the physical union of the pair Wolff, Hirschfeld, for his part, loved a rather feminine young man named Karl Giese.
Giese served as his personal secretary and emotional anchor for many years. In addition to his research, Hirschfeld also strove to organize like minded individuals.
He did so to further the research and interests of all involved. Hirschfeld formed his own Institute for Sexual Research in Berlin where he conducted interviews and counseling, as well as keeping all of his books and records and a considerable amount of memorabilia.
Hirschfeld also organized the First Congress for Sexual Reform in A special interest of Magnus Hirschfeld was on the rights of women. Hirschfeld was also interested on the impact of war on sex and on the sexual lives of women in particular.
In his book, The Sexual History of the World War , he described a phenomena in which women urged their husbands to go off to war despite the cost to their relationships.
Hirschfeld also provided examples of the economic reasons and subconscious anger that he believed sent some women into prostitution.
He also detailed the sexual behavior of nurses on the front and women who cared for prisoners of war. It was the most wide-ranging work ever on the sexual impact of war.
He acknowledged that the circumstances of war might give license to aggressive and sexual instincts that lay just below the surface in all people.
At the same time, Hirschfeld added his own particular emphases. Instead, he argued that the stress of wartime, the absence of marital sexual outlets and other psychological factors were the cause.
In a similar fashion, Hirschfeld refused to accept that the sexual war crimes of soldiers were more frequent among the lower classes. The extraordinary stress and altered circumstances of war could change the behaviors of anyone of any class or ethnicity.
Hirschfeld wrote about alcoholism in Hirschfeld noted the psychological impact of excessive alcohol consumption, including pathological jealousy and infidelity.
He recognized the conflicting impacts of alcohol, namely reduced inhibitions and weakened sex drive. Those who drank excessively were also at increased risk for venereal diseases, he explained.
As a physician, Hirschfeld perceptively noted the dangers to the unborn child if its mother drank: namely epilepsy and damaged mental ability.
In , he earned his doctoral degree. After his studies, he traveled through the United States for eight months, visiting the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago , and living from the proceeds of his writing for German journals.
During his time in Chicago, Hirschfeld became involved with the homosexual subculture in that city. Hirschfeld became interested in gay rights because many of his gay patients took their own lives.
In particular, Hirschfeld mentioned as a reason for his gay rights activism, the story of one of his patients: a young army officer suffering from depression, who killed himself in , leaving behind a suicide note saying, despite his best efforts, he could not end his desires for other men, and so had ended his life out of his guilt and shame.
The officer could not even bring himself to use the word "homosexuality", which was instead conspicuously referred to as "that" in his note.
However, the officer's use of Sie , the formal German word for you, instead of the informal Du , suggests Hirschfeld's relationship with his patient was strictly professional.
At the same time, Hirschfeld was greatly affected by the trial of Oscar Wilde , which he often referred to in his writings.
Magnus Hirschfeld found a balance between practicing medicine and writing about his findings. After several years as a general practitioner in Magdeburg, in he issued a pamphlet, Sappho and Socrates , on homosexual love under the pseudonym Th.
In , Hirschfeld founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee with the publisher Max Spohr — , the lawyer Eduard Oberg  — , and the writer Franz Joseph von Bülow  The group aimed to undertake research to defend the rights of homosexuals and to repeal Paragraph , the section of the German penal code that, since , had criminalized homosexuality.
They argued that the law encouraged blackmail. The motto of the Committee, "Justice through science", reflected Hirschfeld's belief that a better scientific understanding of homosexuality would eliminate social hostility toward homosexuals.
Within the group, some of the members rejected Hirschfeld's and Ulrichs 's view that male homosexuals are, by nature, effeminate.
Benedict Friedlaender and some others left the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee and formed another group, the "Bund für männliche Kultur" or Union for Male Culture, which did not exist long.
It argued that male-male love is an aspect of virile manliness, rather than a special condition. Under Hirschfeld's leadership, the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee gathered over signatures from prominent Germans on a petition to overturn Paragraph The bill was brought before the Reichstag in , but was supported only by a minority from the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
August Bebel , a friend of Hirschfeld from his university days, agreed to sponsor the attempt to repeal Paragraph He arranged for the bill to be reintroduced and, in the s, it made some progress until the takeover of the Nazi Party ended all hopes for any such reform.
As part of his efforts to counter popular prejudice, Hirschfeld spoke out about the taboo subject of suicide and was the first to present statistical evidence that homosexuals were more likely to commit suicide or attempt suicide than heterosexuals.
Collating his results, Hirschfeld estimated that 3 out of every gays committed suicide every year, that a quarter of gays had attempted suicide at some point in their lives and that the other three-quarters had had suicidal thoughts at some point.
He used his evidence to argue that, under current social conditions in Germany, life was literally unbearable for homosexuals. A figure frequently mentioned by Hirschfeld to illustrate the "hell experienced by homosexuals" was Oscar Wilde , who was a well known author in Germany, and whose trials in had been extensively covered by the German press.
In , Hirschfeld was asked as a doctor to examine a prisoner in Neumünster to see if he was suffering from "severe nervous disturbances caused by a combination of malaria, blackwater fever and congenital sexual anomaly".
Hirschfeld did not mention his diagnosis of the prisoner, nor he did mention in detail the source of the prisoner's guilt about his actions in Southwest Africa; the German scholar Heike Bauer criticized him for his seeming unwillingness to see the connection between the Herero genocide and the prisoner's guilt, which had caused him to engage in a petty crime wave.
Hirschfeld's position, that homosexuality was normal and natural, made him a highly controversial figure at the time, involving him in vigorous debates with other academics, who regarded homosexuality as unnatural and wrong.
At the same time, Hirschfeld became involved in a debate with a number of anthropologists about the supposed existence of the Hottentottenschürze "Hottentot apron" , namely the belief that the Khoikhoi known to Westerners as Hottentots women of southern Africa had abnormally enlarged labia, which made them inclined towards lesbianism.
Hirschfeld wrote: "The differences appear minimal compared to what is shared" between Khoikhoi and German women.
Hirschfeld's theories about a spectrum of sexuality existing in all of the world's cultures implicitly undercut the binary theories about the differences between various races that was the basis of the claim of white supremacy.
Hirschfeld played a prominent role in the Harden—Eulenburg affair of —09, which became the most widely publicized sex scandal in Imperial Germany.
During the libel trial in , when General Kuno von Moltke sued the journalist Maximilian Harden , after the latter had run an article accusing Moltke of having a homosexual relationship with the politically powerful Prince Philipp von Eulenburg , who was the Kaiser's best friend, Hirschfeld testified for Harden.
In his role as an expert witness, Hirschfeld testified that Moltke was gay and, thus, what Harden had written was true. He also testified that he believed there was nothing wrong with Moltke.
Most notably, Hirschfeld testified that "homosexuality was part of the plan of nature and creation just like normal love.
The Vossische Zeitung newspaper condemned Hirschfeld in an editorial as "a freak who acted for freaks in the name of pseudoscience". Hirschfeld makes public propaganda under the cover of science, which does nothing but poison our people.
Real science should fight against this! At the time, the subject of female sexuality was taboo, and Elbe's testimony was very controversial, with many saying that Elbe must, in some way, be mentally ill because of her willingness to acknowledge her sexuality.
Letters to the newspapers at the time, from both men and women, overwhelmingly condemned Elbe for her "disgusting" testimony concerning her sexuality.
He overturned the verdict under the grounds that homosexuals "have the morals of dogs" and insisted that this verdict could not be allowed to stand.
After the verdict was overturned, a second trial found Harden guilty of libel. Because Eulenburg was a prominent anti-Semite and Hirschfeld was a Jew, during the affair, the völkisch movement came out in support of Eulenburg, whom they portrayed as an Aryan heterosexual, framed by false allegations of homosexuality by Hirschfeld and Harden.
As a gay Jew, Hirschfeld was vilified relentlessly by the völkisch newspapers. In , Hirschfeld was swept up by the national enthusiasm for the Burgfrieden "Peace within a castle under siege" as the sense of national solidarity was known where almost all Germans rallied to the Fatherland.
He also expressed the opinion that nobody wanted to take responsibility for the war because its horrors were "superhuman in size". In , Hirschfeld was very badly beaten up by a group of völkisch activists who attacked him on the street; he was initially declared dead when the police arrived.
Congresses were held in Copenhagen , London , Vienna , and Brno Hirschfeld was both quoted and caricatured in the press as a vociferous expert on sexual matters; during his tour of the United States, the Hearst newspaper chain dubbed him "the Einstein of Sex".
He identified as a campaigner and a scientist, investigating and cataloging many varieties of sexuality, not just homosexuality.
He developed a system which categorised 64 possible types of sexual intermediary, ranging from masculine, heterosexual male to feminine, homosexual male, including those he described under the term transvestite Ger.
Transvestit , which he coined in to describe people who, in the 21st century, might be referred to as transgender. Hirschfeld co-wrote and acted in the film Anders als die Andern "Different From the Others" , in which Conrad Veidt played one of the first homosexual characters ever written for cinema.
The film had a specific gay rights law reform agenda; after Veidt's character is blackmailed by a male prostitute, he eventually comes out rather than continuing to make the blackmail payments.
His career is destroyed and he is driven to suicide. Hirschfeld played himself in Anders als die Andern , where the title cards has him say: "The persecution of homosexuals belongs to the same sad chapter of history in which the persecutions of witches and heretics is inscribed Only with the French Revolution did a complete change come about.
In Germany, however, despite more than fifty years of scientific research, legal discrimination against homosexuals continues unabated May justice soon prevail over injustice in this area, science conquer superstition, love achieve victory over hatred!
In May , when the film premiered in Berlin, the First World War was still a very fresh memory and German conservatives, who already hated Hirschfeld, seized upon his Francophile speech in the film praising France for legalizing homosexuality in as evidence that gay rights were "un-German".
At the end of the film, when the protagonist Paul Körner commits suicide, his lover Kurt is planning on killing himself, when Hirschfeld appears to tell him: "If you want to honor the memory of your dead friend, you must not take your own life, but instead preserve it to change the prejudices whose victim — one of the countless many — this dead man was.
That is the task of the living I assign you. Just as Zola struggled on behalf of a man who innocently languished in prison, what matters now is to restore honor and justice to the many thousands before us, with us and after us.
Through knowledge to justice! The anti-suicide message of Anders als die Andern reflected Hirschfeld's interest in the subject of the high suicide rate among homosexuals, and was intended to give hope to gay audiences.
Under the more liberal atmosphere of the newly founded Weimar Republic , Hirschfeld purchased a villa not far from the Reichstag building in Berlin for his new Institut für Sexualwissenschaft Institute of Sexual Research , which opened on 6 July In Germany, the Reich government made laws, but the Länder governments enforced the laws, meaning it was up to the Länder governments to enforce Paragraph Until the November Revolution of , Prussia had a three-class voting system that effectively disfranchised most ordinary people, and allowed the Junkers to dominate Prussia.
After the November Revolution, universal suffrage came to Prussia, which become a stronghold of the Social Democrats. The Institute housed Hirschfeld's immense archives and library on sexuality and provided educational services and medical consultations; the clinical staff included psychiatrists Felix Abraham and Arthur Kronfeld , gynecologist Ludwig Levy-Lenz, dermatologist and endocrinologist Bernhard Schapiro, and dermatologist Friedrich Wertheim.
Hirschfeld himself lived at the Institution on the second floor with his lover, Karl Giese , together with his sister Recha Tobias — Tante 'aunt' was a German slang expression for a gay man but did not mean, as some claim, that Hirschfeld himself cross-dressed.
People from around Europe and beyond came to the Institute to gain a clearer understanding of their sexuality.
Christopher Isherwood writes about his and W. Auden 's visit in his book Christopher and His Kind ; they were calling on Francis Turville-Petre , a friend of Isherwood's who was an active member of the Scientific Humanitarian Committee.
In addition, a number of noted individuals lived for longer or shorter periods of time in the various rooms available for rent or as free accommodations in the Institute complex.
Among the residents were Isherwood and Turville-Petre; literary critic and philosopher Walter Benjamin ; actress and dancer Anita Berber ; Marxist philosopher Ernst Bloch ; Willi Münzenberg , a member of the German Parliament and a press officer for the Communist Party of Germany ; Dörchen Richter , one of the first transgender patients to receive sex reassignment surgery at the Institute, and Lili Elbe.
Although inspired by Hirschfeld's life, the film is fictional. It contains invented characters and incidents and attributes motives and sentiments to Hirschfeld and others on the basis of little or no historical evidence.
Hirschfeld biographer Ralf Dose notes, for instance, that "the figure of 'Dorchen' in Rosa von Praunheim's film The Einstein of Sex is complete fiction.
In , the Müller government had come very close to repealing Paragraph , when the Reichstag justice committee voted to repeal ParagraphDort verstirbt er auchgenau am Rtl Lets Dance Mediathek seines Als jedoch im Zuge der The Voice Senior ein Kreis engster Berater des Kaisers der Homosexualität beschuldigt wurde und Hirschfeld in den folgenden Gerichtsverfahren die sexuelle Veranlagung der Beschuldigten als Sachverständiger begutachten musste, kippte die Stimmung. Mai auf dem Berliner Opernplatz verbrannt. Hauptziel war die Entkriminalisierung der Homosexualität in Deutschland und Abschaffung des berüchtigten Homosexuellenparagraphen Durch dein Einverständnis erlaubst du uns die Verwendung von Cookies und Google Analytics, um unsere Webseite zu analysieren und zu verbessern. Von den Büchern, die nicht verbrannt wurden, sind viele noch immer verschollen. Magnus Hirschfeld gründete mit dem "Wissenschaftlich-humanitären Komitee" die weltweite erste Organisation für die Bürgerrechte von Homosexuellen. Er blieb ein besonderes Feindbild für die Nationalsozialisten, obwohl sogar einige seine Patienten waren, und konnte sich schon seines Lebens nicht mehr sicher fühlen. Magnus Glücklich Geschieden kämpfte als einer der Ersten für die Rechte von Homosexuellen. Digitalisate Im Internet sind zunehmend Werke Magnus Hirschfelds aus digitalisierten Bibliotheksbeständen frei zugänglich.